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Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .

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An ointment made from the leaves showed anti-inflammatory activity in mice and rats and this supported the external use in traditional medicine. In West Africa, powdered heartwood is a familiar red body paint and the paste is much used as a cosmetic for the skin, e.

This page was last edited on 17 Julyat Baphia nitida Baphia nitida x – 83k flickr. In Yorubaland this ointment is also used by hunters setting off to collect honey from the forest as a protection against bee stings. The distribution of Baphia nitida.

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Read more about the Fabaceae family. For best results cuttings should be taken from rather young parts. It was formerly cultivated as a dyewood. The dye is found in the heartwood, which often is of small size. Fruit a compressed pod 8— Baphia nitida camwoodalso barwoodalso known as African sandalwoodis a shrubby, leguminous, hard-wooded tree bapphia central west Africa.

Baphia nitida SH baphia nitida. Flowers in axillary fascicles, 1—5-flowered, bisexual, papilionaceous; pedicel slender, 3—17 mm long; calyx spathaceous, 8—10 mm long, glabrous but with a tuft of brown hairs at apex; corolla with standard suborbicular, 1—2 cm in diameter, white with a yellow centre, wings and keel white with a pocket near the base; stamens 10, filaments unequal, free, up to 7 mm long; ovary superior, sessile, glabrous, sometimes with a row of silvery hairs along the dorsal margin, 1-celled, style curved, filiform, stigma small.


Baphia nitida nitid as hedge obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. There are citation in scholarly articles related to Baphia nitida Lodd. Human Uses An excellent hedge plant used in screening off areas, the height can vary depending on pruning to keep the hedge in shape.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Barwood, Dolo, Doro, African Sandalwood.

The tree’s bark and heartwood are commonly used to make a brilliant but non-permanent red dyewhich is soluble in alkali. The twigs are used as chewing baphua ]. When freshly cut the sapwood is yellowish white, emitting an unpleasant smell, scarcely darkening when dry. A guide to medicinal plants. Baphia nitida x – 15k – jpg tropicalplant.

Anti-nutritive and toxic factors in trees and shrubs used as browse. In the wool industry, camwood was not only used to obtain red colours but a large range of reddish to dark brown colours called? In Nigeria the nutrient content of leaves per g dry matter was approximately: Anti-inflammatory activities of flavonoids of Baphia nitida Lodd. Herbage yields and quality in four woody forage plants in a subhumid environment in Ghana. Baphia nitida Baphia nitida x – 74k flickr.

It was formerly exported to Europe for turnery and cabinetry. The pounded dried root, mixed with water and oil, is applied to a ringworm-like fungus nifida the feet[ ]. In particular, it has been used in traditional African medicine.

Baphia comprises about 45 species and is largely confined to tropical Africa with most species present in Nigeria and Cameroon. You can unsubscribe at anytime. These are followed by pointed pods, 7cm 3 ins long, which ripen in October and split open to release one or two dark brown, shiny seeds.

Tropical trees and shrubs – A selection for urban plantings. In southern Benin and south-western Nigeria, Yoruba ceremonial masks are painted dark red with a decoction of the wood[ ]. The effects of Baphia nitida Lodd Leguminosae extract on the gastrointestinal tract of rats and mice. Prefers a fertile, medium-textured soil[ ]. This wood is nitira a very fine colour, and is used in woodturning for making knife handles and similar articles.


If you wish to contribute any images, documents, videos or other forms of media, or if you have any queries…. Baphia nitida – Lodd. Don Delaria pyrifolia Desv. Substitutes for camwood are the dyes obtained from other insoluble redwoods, such as Benin camwood Baphia pubescens Hook.

Visit our blog on Blogspot. Baphia nitida planted as shade tree obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore.

Baphia nitida

There are 5 study abstracts related to Baphia nitida Lodd. Distribution Native to tropical Africa, it is grown in many tropical countries. Its heartwood is also a source of a red dye but it has been less exploited. The heartwood is pale brown when fresh, turning rapidly to dark red or orange upon exposure.

Baphia nitida Lodd.

The timber and fodder uses seem most important at present, but increasing interest in natural dyes might revive the value of camwood to the level it had in the past. For more information about QR Codes click here. The leaves are used as fodder and in southern Ghana Baphia nitida is nitira for propagation in livestock rearing areas because of its good palatability, continuous availability and high protein content.

Extracts of fresh leaves inhibited digestion, showed antidiarrhoeal niitda and also demonstrated analgesic activity[ ]. In small quantities, it was an ingredient of recipes for bronze-green colours and was used as ground dye followed by a logwood Haematoxylum campechianum L.

Other Uses The heartwood and roots yield a red dye that is used to dye raffia and cotton textiles[ ].