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CERA DE CANDELILLA PDF

Candelilla Plant | El Instituto de la Candelilla es una organización que integra los de la cadena de valor en la producción de la cera de Candelilla Mexicana. Download scientific diagram | Cera de candelilla en diferentes presentaciones. Figure 2. Different presentations of candelilla wax. from publication: Pasado. PRONAMEX Productos Naturales de México Cera de Candelilla / Candelilla Wax . En México.

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Candelilla wax is a wax derived from the leaves of the small Candelilla shrub native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, Euphorbia cerifera and Euphorbia antisyphiliticafrom the family Euphorbiaceae.

The plants, scalded by the boiling process, are used as fuel for the cauldrons, once they have been put out to by sun-dried. Harvesters travel by burros or by truck to the areas where the Candelilla plant is to be found in abundance. The Candelilla plant belongs to the Euphorbia species, the common name of an extensive family of flowered plants — similar in appearance to cacti — but which are clearly differentiated by the milky latex contained by the Euphorbia plants.

A new classification of the Candelilla was presented in by G. Some of these producers complement their income by gathering other plant species native to the desert, or by agriculture, raising cattle and even mining. During the rainy season the Candelilla plant becomes covered with small pink-colored flowers. Other sources indicate that the Candelilla plant was burned directly for illumination, serving the purpose of a candle.

Candelilla wax – Wikipedia

In any of these vessels, the hot foam wax is separated by decanting from a brown liquor which precipitates to the bottom of the vessel and is later recycled to a removal bucket. Candelilla formations are most abundant at elevations of around m ft and are commonly associated with growths of such plants as lechuguilla or prickly lettuce, sotol palm, Chinese grass, ocotillo and diverse cactus plants.

The high hydrocarbon content distinguishes ve wax from carnauba wax. Today, the Candelilla plant is considered useful in the treatment of a variety of illnesses.

One of its major uses is as a binder for chewing gums. Manufacturing The commercial exploitation of the Candelilla plant for producing wax dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and has since become one of the main economic activities of the Mexican region of the Chihuahuan Desert.

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The solid wax is hammered and broken into pieces, which are then melted to remove the impurities such as dirt and organic materials, which are separated from the wax by sedimentation. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The wax is obtained by boiling the leaves and stems with dilute sulfuric acidand the resulting “cerote” is skimmed from the surface and further processed.

The Candelilla plant is very resistant to plagues and diseases and cxndelilla only limitedly consumed by some species of wildlife that exist in the region.

Candelilla Plant

The sulfuric acid prevents the formation of an emulsion between the wax and water, which could occur due to the turbulence created by the cer process. The plants are then brought to collection centers where the process for extracting the wax is carried out. Retrieved from ” https: In the intermediate part of the vessel, just on top of the aqueous phase, a fine layer of yellow-colored cream is formed.

Even in times of severe draught the Candelilla protective mechanism has proven to be effective. It also finds use in cosmetic industry, as a component of lip balms and lotion bars.

Candelilla wax can be used as a substitute for carnauba wax and beeswax.

Candelilla wax

Unfortunately, the manufacturing of Candelilla wax is still carried out using old and inefficient techniques which remain virtually unchanged since this activity first began. Candwlilla is also used for making varnish.

Altitude of the region Collection, extraction and refining processes. The refining can also include a bleaching stage, which uses hydrogen peroxide, or some other refining step for special applications. Views Read Edit View history. With a melting point of Normally, the Candelilla plant is pulled out by hand from the roots, although occasionally a sharpened stick may be used to facilitate digging out the plant.

The batch of Candelilla immersed in acid-water is heated over a direct fire until the solution comes to a boil, at which time the wax is separated from the plant and fuses cadelilla the liquid.

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They generally take more than five days to harvest the plants and work becomes more complicated when the plants are located on other ranches or private property. It is yellowish-brown, hard, brittle, aromatic, and opaque to translucent. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It is mostly used mixed with other waxes to harden them without raising their melting point.

In the top part of the vessel, a third layer is formed which csra of a paste comprised of ashes, bubbles and solid impurities. Pickup trucks are also sometimes used. Bundles of kg lb of cleaned Candelilla plants free of dirt, stones, weeds, etc. The exploitation of Candelilla in its natural state for the production of wax thus became one of the most important economic activities, in those rural regions where cra Candelilla plant grows.

The plant normally grows in semi-desert regions, principally on lime soil slopes or hillsides associated with formations of rocky material.

In order to refine the wax it must again be broken up, melted and filtered through Fuller earth, activated carbon or some other filtration system.

The method used for the exploitation cerq distribution of the Candelilla plant is very rudimentary. Using this technique, wax from the Candelilla plant floats to the surface in the form of foam. The plants root is relatively small, although a plant of moderate size can develop more than stalks of a grayish-green color, with typical dimensions of cm in long candeljlla 0.

Inthe botanist J. Each burro can typically carry from kg lb. Candelillw is evidenced by the low yields and high costs in producing the wax. After gathering all the plants found in the area, they load up and move to other nearby fields.

During the rainy season, the Candelilla stalks become covered with a thick sap, which then covers the stalks with wax during the dry season to prevent evaporation.