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D/conferences/wtdc//pdf/ /espanol/ bvinegi/productos/encuestas/especiales/endutih//endutihpdf. Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional en Colombia productos/ encuestas/especiales/endutih//ENDUTIHpdf. (, November 17). watch?v=L2f/cmjbqpA Hundley, H., & Shyles, L. (). y Uso de Tecnologías de la Información en los Hogares (ENDUTIH)

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On the other hand, the inquiry set out to evaluate the situation prevailing in the population deciles that are the most connected taking Internet access in Private Inhabited Homes or PIH as an indicator as opposed to the deciles that were the least connected in each of the fourteen municipalities under analysis. In other words, the social dividends of digitalization are badly distributed.

As we had already pointed out, byBaja California Sur had already quadrupled the proportion of households with Internet access with respect to that of Oaxaca, and it had tripled the proportion of households with access to paid television. Even taking into consideration the reasonable methodological doubts, it is clear that conditions for accessing ICT in the Mexican context, though they are inserted in an expanding market, also show contrasts or undeniable inequalities when compared with the situation both outside and within the national territory.

Complexity in the Adoption of Technology in Tourism Services

In fact, connectivity has become a development indicator praised by both national and international agencies International Telecommunications Union -ITU, ; World Bank, Any similarity with the situation prevailing in Mexico is no mere coincidence. The diagnosis pointed at some of the evident problems that would have been produced by a telecommunications sector lacking competitiveness that placed the burden of its development on the shoulders of a consumer population which had to pay a high price for such type of services.

The analysis of these factors has made it possible to weigh up the degree of ICT development prevailing in the member countries of the Union.

Both reports point in a similar direction: Institute of Network Cultures. The analysis we have conducted and presented synthetically in this paper shows that in Jalisco -a state with development and socioeconomic growth levels that are above the national average – there were evident differences in terms of ICT access and use, or at least they were very clear taking the years and as reference. One of the most detailed and critical evaluations made about the conditions of the telecommunications sector in Mexico was carried out by the OECD in the year Even in privileged territories, as for example the one corresponding to the municipality of Zapopan the wealthiest of the municipalities in Jalisco and one of the most developed in the national contextthe differences are considerable.


It is not the same in Zapopan, the wealthiest municipality in the state, than in Mezquitic, one of the most marginalized. As it has been pointed out, the paradoxes or contradictions are ever-present in the contexts that emerge with the spread and adoption of ICT.

The social orography of communication generally finds its correlate with the conditions of socioeconomic development dndutih countries and regions. Because the information required for this type of analysis is only obtained from the census exercises that are carried out every ten years, this section of the study reports findings that derive from the census information.

Among the main goals of the Summit, it was established that it was necessary to reduce or bridge the digital gap that prevails between the most and the least developed countries as well as within all the countries, as endutiu way to guarantee access to information and knowledge.

However, in our case, the overall municipal level is not enough to illustrate such a situation.

Digital marginalization, one of whose basic expressions consists in the impossibility of having access to the ICT and the Internet in particular, is an additional manifestation of social marginalization.

Connectivity, human development and education levels The analysis presented here is made up of three sections, all of them tending to explore the importance of the educational factor as a variable that is associated with differential access to ICT among the population of the state of Jalisco, and consequently with its digital connectivity levels.

One of the most striking changes is found in the field of cellular telephony, whose growth shows an upward line that means that in over 50 enxutih cent of the households declared they have mobile or cellular telephony service and more than 86 per cent of the homes have mobile and landline telephony.

These same disparities are reflected in the access between rural and urban population or between population groups in terms of gender or age. The analysis presented here is made up of three sections, all of them tending to explore the importance of the educational factor as a variable that is associated with differential access to ICT among the population of the state of Jalisco, and consequently with its digital connectivity levels.


The development objectives established by the United Nations in this sector were expressed in the World Summit on the Information Society held in the Geneva and Tunis Conferences. De Gruyter – Sciendo. In fact, if the HDI of each of the quartiles are averaged out, it is observed that they follow a decreasing tendency. Mexico in the global context It is no wonder that when observing the evaluations and analyses conducted by the pertinent international bodies, the Mexican situation is characterized by the precariousness and backwardness of its development on the subject of information and communication.

Issue 3 First Online: In this same sense, while the average number of households with a computer in Jalisco was 36 per every one hundred, in Zapopan it rocketed to 54 of every one hundred, in Villa Corona it reached This article was elaborated with the support of Oscar Cruz. Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism. Comparatively, radio showed a decrease of approximately 10 percentage points. Business strategy, technological deployment and organizational performance.

It is a tendency that is illustrated in greater detail when considering also differential accesses that are not only of a regional character but also those concerning the characteristics of the population groups that inhabit the state. This analysis allowed weighing the relation of the educational factor with the phenomenon of connectivity in a more detailed, and hope accurate, manner.

National Survey on Availability and Use of Information Technologies in Households (ENDUTIH)

Digital inequality, analyzed in terms of access and connectivity, is now the object of concern in the world of both the academia and public management. Some statistics are more than pertinent to illustrate this tendency.

The American continent is a clear example. The Case of Travel Search Engines. It is at the micro level of the AGEB where the tendency is expressed sharply.

The percentages range from Monopolization, and therefore lack of competition, inconsistent regulations, lack of efficient authorities to regulate the market and insufficient infrastructure, among many other factors, were the points indicated by the OECD as the variables that explained a distorted development fraught with contradictions:.

This country ranks 21 st of 33 possible spots, with an IDT 4.