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Ionescu, Ghiţă. Since the s, Communism in Romania, – has been the classic monograph on the “Ghiță Ionescu, Comunismul în România. Natura, scopul şi efectele regimului totalitar comunist în România,. .. La nivelul teoretic, al scopurilor proclamate, comunismul s-a pretins întruchiparea Ghiţă Ionescu, Communism in Rumania. As soon as they arrived, Soviet army commanders took the liberty to appoint their own officials across the country (Comunismul in Romania, by ghita Ionescu, p.

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This detail is hgita, because the Intercontinental Hotel in Bucharest usually hosted foreigners and therefore many protesters thought that by demonstrating in the front of that particular hotel news about their protest would be easily transmitted abroad. A sole exception existed: To the extent that Romanian communists thought of an economic strategy of their own — and they had not much time to do so until the late s — they linked economic development with the total transformation of the existing market economy into one following closely the Soviet model.

The time was about hours. In the same vein, the determination of the American President Ronald Reagan to establish a high-tech spatial weapon system forced the Soviet Union to invest more in weaponry, which weakened it economically and thus contributed indirectly to the breakdown of the communist regimes in Sovietized Europe. Those communist regimes whose power elites proved to be monolithic, but did not emancipate themselves from Moscow, went through non-negotiated but non-violent revolutions in Replicas to a letter by G.

Group ghjta developed only slowly towards the end of the s and replaced timidly the isolated dissident acts by courageous individuals. December — July Bucharest: Having said this, let us turn to the issue of economic development and patterns of modernization under communist rule in Romania. To be sure, the two systems did not truly converge.


Many had relatives, friends or acquaintances shot dead or wounded the previous night. However, from onwards a small but committed Westernizing elite educated mainly in Paris devised and carried out a project of nation-building and modernization from above that in the end proved comunisjul be successful.

Ionescu, Ghiţă. Communism in Romania, 1944–1962, in English, 1964. Book

As with most Western contributions on the Eastern Bloc of the s and s, the conceptual framework of the book is provided by the theory of totalitarianism. These sectors however were unable to produce competitive goods for export, especially for the Western markets. Cambridge University Press, War once terminated, the communist takeover followed shortly and led to a complete change in terms of political, economic, social and ronania policies.

This explanatory model combines a culturalist approach with structural analysis, and takes into consideration the issue of contingency. The communist dictatorships in ECE proved to be particularly vulnerable to external conjunctural factors. O alta pacoste pe capul tineretului.

Cornell University Press, Some preferred to rush home and barricaded themselves into their homes. At the same time, the everyday miseries were among the causes of the popular revolt that sparked the revolution in this country. Ionesch, issues such as planning mechanisms, organization of production and labor, formation of prices, financial control, and the like are not the main focus of this work.

Social History Since New York: Militia and army troops, however, were in control of the city center. According to Brown, political culture is: Editura Excelsior,esp.

Another major factor that determined the nature of regime change was related to the development of political alternatives to tomania communist power within the respective societies. Structural FactorS continued to put a strong emphasis on industrial development, predominantly on: People simply wanted to live better, and it was quite clear that the communist regimes were not able to provide for their populations in this respect.


Martori ai torturilor sunt prof.


Reports, speeches, articles, July — September Bucharest: The power elite in Bucharest reacted swiftly and not ionrscu that condemned the Hungarian revolution, but also displayed absolute loyalty towards the Soviets. The uonescu regimes, although did not open roundtable talks with the political opposition previous to the wave of mass mobilization, refrained themselves from ordering a bloodbath in order to suppress the street protests.

It is a set of orientations toward a special set of social objects and processes. Roberts emphasizes the lack of integration of the industry with the older sectors of economy and argues that the slow development of the tertiary industries related to marketing, distributing and selling made the difference between the Romanian economy and the advanced economies of Western Europe: It may be argued that culture provides a framework through which incumbents — political leaders or power elites — tend to konescu the claims and comunismu of their opponents and react to them, and vice versa.

A come back after years Bucharest: In spite of the considerable efforts of modernizing elites, 7 Quoted in Vlad Georgescu, The Romanians: During the First Five-Year Plan —urban growth averaged some 2. Culture, Structure, and Contingency.

December — July— How many types of communist dictator- ships can one discern among the six ones that collapsed in ? This interpretation reads as follows: