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References: LEY Nº , Orgánica Constitucional de Bases Generales de la ;. Other terms used were “Chile”, “leyes”, “políticas”, “acceso”, “precio” This law modifies the law No () in its title IV on .. privados, mantendrán una base de datos actualizada y otros registros de libre acceso, con información que. medirlo (Versión actualizada),” Research Department Publications , Inter- American .. “What Makes Annuitization More Appealing?,” NBER Working Papers , National Bureau of Joseph Aldy & Eduardo Ley & Ian Parry,

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Particular issues of political sensitivity may be censored by government broadcasters. The regulations governing gifts and hospitality to national legislators are routinely ignored and unenforced.

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Part IV provides for anti-dumping measures. In Chile, the principal opposition parties are represented in the legislature, and are available to present law projects.

Cubre las contingencias derivadas de las actuallizada sufridas por una persona.

Libro Seguridad Social – scribd. Some executive orders are overly broad in scope and are designed to circumvent constitutional or legal requirements for legislative action or approval.

Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo The military, military officers, and security forces may be known to unofficially support or oppose particular candidates or parties.

Some legislators in certain sectors are known to accept greater amounts of gifts and hospitality from outside interest groups or private sector actors than is allowed. In these situations, they should inform their direct boss.


In general, media coverage on corruption issues is about judiciary processes, i. In practice, during the most recent election, political parties or independent candidates received fair media coverage.

In practice, when necessary, the internal reporting mechanism for public sector corruption initiates investigations. The military, military officers, and other security forces refrain from overtly supporting or opposing political candidates 18557 commenting on elections.

Examples may be the use of civil servants to organize political rallies, use of government vehicles on campaign trips, or use of government funds for party purposes. Servicio Electoral, created by Law A YES score is earned if there are formal guidelines regulating gifts and hospitality offered to members of the executive branch of government.

A YES score is earned if there is a formal process by which the judiciary or constitutional courts can pass judgments on the legality or constitutionality of laws passed by the legislature. Legislative Council Ordinance No. Appeals may be unacknowledged for many months and simple issues may take more than three months to resolve.

The government ensures that equal access and fair treatment of election contestants is provided by all state-owned media outlets, including all electronic and print media. A YES score actualizads still be given if there are formal rules for specific exemptions to the right to disclosure special secret sessions related to national security.

Resumen de La Ley A YES score is earned if there are any limits in size on individual contributions to political parties.


Funding source is unreliable. A NO score is earned if general exceptions exist exempting certain legislative actions from being reviewed a national security exemption, for example. In practice, when necessary, this committee initiates independent investigations into financial irregularities. The agency is fair in its application of this power.

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The legislature does not have the power to approve or disapprove large portions of the government budget, or the legislature does not exercise this power in a meaningful way. A YES score is earned if there is a mechanism, or multiple mechanisms for multiple national government agencies, through which civil servants can report cases of graft, misuse of public funds, or corruption.

These should include competitive recruitment and promotion procedures as well as safeguards against arbitrary disciplinary actions and dismissal. A NO score is earned if senior civil servants file an asset disclosure, but it is not available to the public.

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The government rarely or never publishes such a list, or when it does it is wholly incomplete. Until this is fully operating, independence should not be considered guaranteed. A NO score is earned if there are no limits on contributions from individuals. A YES score is earned if there are specific formal rules prohibiting nepotism, cronyism, and patronage in the civil service.